Wisdom of Solomon

A Greek book composed in Alexandria in the latter part of the 1st cent. BCE or the early part of the 1st cent. CE. It contains a warning to the wicked of a future judgement [[➝ Judgement]] and an affirmation of the doctrine of immortality; it derides the cults of idols and suggests that they are made in the likeness of human beings to meet human needs—grieving parents who want to remember their children, and kings who find it convenient to invoke a supernatural authority to support their powers. Possibly the aim of the writer is to urge Jews in Alexandria to be vigilant against the wiles of idolatry. The book is not quoted in the NT, though possible allusions to Wis. 7:26 have been detected in Heb. (1:3), an epistle which has other links with Alexandria, and Paul is often held to be dependent on the book, especially in his letter to the Romans.
The pseudonymous author uses the name Solomon, whose wisdom was renowned, and in 6:12–10:21 there is a kind of Solomonic autobiography in which the king praises wisdom, God's partner, and prays for her continuing support (9:10). The book has mystical elements and appears to be indebted to Plato—which would have been attractive to some readers in Alexandria. Human beings are described in terms of souls who are pre-existent and immortal. The exposition of wisdom in chs. 7 to 10 influenced the Christology of Paul and of Origen, as well as much Christian spirituality: the antiphon O Sapientia (O Wisdom) is still sung in December.

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • Wisdom of Solomon — or Wisdom n. a book of the Apocrypha: abbrev. Wis, Wisd of Sol, or WS …   English World dictionary

  • Wisdom of Solomon — noun an Apocryphal book consisting mainly of a meditation on wisdom; although ascribed to Solomon it was probably written in the first century BC • Syn: ↑Wisdom • Instance Hypernyms: ↑book • Part Holonyms: ↑sapiential book, ↑wisdom book, ↑w …   Useful english dictionary

  • Wisdom of Solomon — noun The book of the Old Testament and the Hebrew Tanakh, also known as Wisdom …   Wiktionary

  • WISDOM OF SOLOMON —    one of the most beautiful books in the Apocrypha, written at the close of the 2nd century B.C. by one who knew both the Greek language and Greek philosophy, to commend the superiority to this philosophy of the divine wisdom revealed to the… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Wisdom of Solomon — noun a book included in the Old Testament in some versions of the Bible, dealing with the subject of wisdom and its relation to righteousness …   Australian English dictionary

  • Wisdom of Solomon — Date: 1779 a didactic book included in the Protestant Apocrypha see bible table …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Wisdom of Solomon — a book of the Apocrypha. * * * …   Universalium

  • wisdom of Solomon — wit, extreme intelligence, cleverness …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Wisdom of Solomon — Wis′dom of Sol′omon n. bib a book of the Apocrypha …   From formal English to slang

  • SOLOMON — (Heb. שְׁלֹמֹה; tenth century B.C.E.), son of david , king of Israel. Born of Bath Sheba, Solomon was so named by David (II Sam. 12:24; according to the keri, Targ. Jon., and according to the Pesh., by his mother), while Nathan called him… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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